What is an I.P. Address?
Each computer on the Internet has an IP address that uniquely identifies it from all other computers on the Internet. When you send or receive data, the message gets divided into little chunks called packets. Each of these packets contains both the sender’s Internet address and the receiver’s address. And is sent first to a gateway computer (which is normally a networking device named router) that understands a small part of the Internet. The gateway computer reads the destination address and forwards the packet to an adjacent gateway that in turn reads the destination address and so forth across the Internet until one gateway recognizes the packet as belonging to a computer within its immediate neighborhood or domain that gateway then forwards the packet directly to the computer whose address is specified.
IP stands for Internet protocol, and these addresses are 32-bit numbers, normally expressed as 4 “octets” in a “dotted decimal number.” A typical IP address looks like this:
The four numbers in an IP address are called octets, . Every machine on the Internet has a unique IP address. A server has a static IP address that does not change very often. A home machine that is dialing up through a modem often has an IP address that is assigned by the ISP when you dial in. That IP address is unique for your session—it may be different the next time you dial in. This way, an ISP only needs one IP address for each modem it supports, rather than for each customer.
What information is required to lodge a complaint?
If you are a victim of hacking
Bring the following information
If your are a victim of e-mail abuse, vulgur e-mail etc.
Bring the following information-
What are e-mail headers? How to extract e-mail headers?
Most of the times the the victim do not know how to extract the headers from the e-mail. Following is the description of the extraction of e-mail headers
Once this setting is saved, go back and open your email and you should view the headers
If the email is sent from anywhere OTHER then AOL, and you are receiving it in AOL, then open the email you want to trace, or have your client open the email, and look for the link Details. This link is usually just below the To:email in the email message. If the email is sent from an AOL user to another AOL user then our Reverse AOL Screenname search can get you the sender’s information.
Thunderbird (Firefox – Mozilla)
To view email headers, Go to “View” Then go to Headers and select “All” to view email headers
Outlook Express 4, 5 and 6
Start by opening the message in its own window (or when viewing the message in the preview pane). Then: With the keyboard:
With the mouse:
With viruses, worms and trojans being spread via email, many users now work with the preview screen in Outlook Express turned off. Viewing the contents of email in the preview screen is no different than opening the message. If the email has malicious content, it may execute in the preview screen.
The following is instructions to obtain the full message source if you have the preview panel turned off:
Using the keyboard:
Microsoft Outlook 97 may require an update called the Internet Mail Enhancement Patch in order to display the email headers AT ALL.
Outlook 98 and 2000
Outlook Express for Macintosh
Select the email. From the View menu, choose Source. A new window will appear containing the email with full headers. Press command + a, to select all, then command + c to copy.
Microsoft Entourage (Office X for Mac)
To access the full message source with Microsoft Entourage:
Mac OS X
To get the full message source:
Preferred method: Click on the “View” menu, then “Page Source,” (ctrl-U in windows, meta-U in UNIX,? U on the Mac) then copy the contents of the window (Ctrl-A, Ctrl-C windows). Old versions: Click on the “View” menu, then “Headers,” then “All.” Note: This method will not work correctly with HTML.
Note: Using the cut and paste to the web form method is the only option available to Eudora users. To display the full message source for cut and paste:
Eudora for the Mac:
Eudora for the PC
there are 2 slightly different methods depending on whether the mail contains HTML or not.
In any case, to prepare for HTML email, you should turn off the use of Microsoft’s HTML viewer. To do so, click Tools, then Options, then Viewing Mail. Uncheck the box labeled “Use Microsoft’s viewer.”
How to know if it’s HTML mail: once you have opened the email, look near the bottom of the headers (see below for revealing headers) for a line like the following: Content-Type: text/html … you can frequently spot HTML email because it has font effects, pictures, etc but this is not always true so you have to take a quick look at the headers.
Eudora for the PC – non-HTML mail:
Eudora for the PC – HTML mail:
If the feature is enabled, you simply press “H” to toggle full headers. If the feature is not enabled, you must enable it first: From the main menu, press (S)etup, (C)onfig. Scroll down about 40 lines to the option labeled “enable-full-header-cmd.” Press [ENTER]. Press (E)xit, (Y)es – to save. Then you can return to the message window and use “H” to display the headers.
Lotus Notes (v.4.x and v.5.x)
Open the email, click on “Actions” then on “Delivery Information.”
Next, you have to pick out the internet-style mail header information from the window that appears when you select Delivery Information.
Lotus Notes v.4.x
Look for the first line that begins with “Received”. There should be a blank line just above it. Then, scroll down to the next blank line. The stuff in-between the two blank lines are the headers you need.
Lotus Notes v.5.x
Look for the separator line that reads
Lotus Notes v.5.x (easier method)
Now you can open that message you saved in WordPad and Cut and Paste it.
In the New Mail or other folder window:
kmail (KDE Desktop)
In the KDE Mail Client that comes with the KDE desktop for Linux, select Message, View Source. Copy and paste the text from the “Message as Plain Text” window.
GNU/Emacs integrated email
Press the keys ‘W’, then ‘v’ in the summary or mail buffer.
Another method of temporarily switching to ALL headers is by pressing “Ctrl-u g” on the article in the summary buffer.
To get full “message source”
These instructions written for v.3.56.
Juno Version 4+
On the drop down menu “Options”, choose “Email Options…” (press ctrl-E) Under “Show Message Headers”, select the “full” option. Click the OK button to save the setting.
Juno version 4+ can display MIME and HTML email, but does not provide a way of Viewing the HTML Source for the message within Juno.
To get the full source, including HTML codes:
Double-click on the resulting file and then cut-and-paste the contents.
To get mutt (the mail user agent) to forward the full headers (not display them for viewing), use the command “unset forward decode” in your rc file or directly in the command interface.
To get the full text of an HTML message from TheBat email software in preparation for pasting it:
For The Bat! v1.53bis:
Pronto mail (GTK/UNIX)
Select the Mime.822 attachment
With the message open, go to the Options menu and choose Verbose Header. This will put the full header inside the upper pane of the message’s window.
Fort Agent versions 1.5 to 1.8:
Sylpheed is an email client for Linux, BSD and Unix systems. Sylpheed offers three ways to view the full source code of messages:
To see the full, untangled headers in Hotmail:
To view the full header information with Excite Webmail:
You can then see the headers in all messages in your folders.
While viewing the message, click on the yellow triangle to the right of the brief message headers. This will display the full headers along with the message body, which can be cut and pasted
To close the full headers and return to brief headers, click the yellow triangle again.
Outlook Web Access
(as accessed through http://mymail.outlookmail.com/exchange/logon.asp)
Left click on the letter you want to open and click on properties
When that opens click on the details tab
Then on message source
This will open the email so the full headers will be available for viewing
Select and copy the text then paste it.
Once we get this header information we can trace the source and send you the report. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us. If you need more help, please call us at 1-877-GO-ABIKA and our support representative will guide you through the steps. Thank you very much.